Bioethanol is a type of alcohol used as a fuel. From the point of view of its chemical composition, it is exactly the same as the ethanol alcohol found in alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine and spirits, but it is sold as denatured alcohol, which means that it is not fit for human consumption and is not sold with the same restrictions and taxes as alcohol intended for drinking. Bioethanol is used as a motor fuel, including in blends of bioethanol and petrol such as E10 (the most sold petrol in the Netherlands), but can also be purchased for domestic use in bioethanol fireplaces, lanterns and stoves.


Bioethanol can be made from many different types of plant crops, including waste straw, sawdust and certain types of wood, as well as things like maize and sugar cane. What it is usually made from varies around the world, depending on what is easy to grow, but it can be made almost anywhere. The raw material is reduced to its natural sugars using enzymes, which are then biologically fermented. The alcohol resulting from this process is then distilled. There are slight differences in the process, depending on the crops used, but it is always a natural process.