In recent years, bioethanol has become increasingly popular as an eco-friendly fuel alternative. To understand why it is so good for the environment, it is important to know how bioethanol is made. This blog explains how bioethanol is made from starch and sugar crops
Ethanol production from sugar crops
Ethanol can be produced in a number of ways, including distillation or fermentation. The most common way to produce ethanol is through fermentation, in which sugars are converted into alcohol by yeast or bacteria. Fermentation uses two types of sugar crops: starch-based crops, such as maize, wheat and potatoes, and sugar-based crops, such as sugarcane and sweet sorghum
To make ethanol from starch-based crops, the starch must first be broken down into simple sugars such as glucose and maltose. This is done by soaking the grains in hot water or adding enzymes to break them down further. Next, the sugars are fermented with yeast or bacteria to produce ethanol. Finally, water is removed from the mixture to concentrate the ethanol solution before it can be used as fuel
Producing ethanol from food waste
Another way to produce bioethanol is to use food waste as source material for fermentation. Food waste consists of leftovers from restaurants, canteens and other food production sites that would otherwise be discarded if not used for energy purposes. In this process, food waste is first heated at high temperatures (over 200°C) until it breaks down into simpler molecules such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats that can then be fermented with yeast or bacteria into ethanol that can then be used as fuel in cars or other vehicles
Bioethanol is an increasingly popular alternative fuel source because of its low carbon emissions compared to traditional fossil fuels - but how exactly is it made? This blog post gave an overview of two methods of producing bioethanol - by fermentation with starchy crops such as corn or sugar crops such as sugarcane; and by fermentation with food waste materials such as leftovers from restaurant meals. By understanding how bioethanol is made, we are better equipped to make informed decisions about our energy sources and how best to reduce our carbon footprint on the planet!